Six pillars of Imaan in Islam

In Arabic, the word “faith” or “Iman” refers to the act of affirming and adhering to something. As a result, faith is an affirmation rather than a conviction. Affirmation is made up of the heart’s words, which represent belief, and the heart’s deeds, which represent compliance. One indicator of the strength of faith is when facing feelings of depression, anxiety, and sorrow. How we deal with these feelings is a great indicator of our faith.

Certainty in Allah’s presence and uniqueness

It is the most crucial and initial pillar. To believe in Allah, one must believe that there is only one Allah worthy of worship, one without a spouse or son. Tawheed is the name for this notion. It is also to have entire faith in the way he is depicted in the Quran, Sunnah, and his 99 names.

“قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ، اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ ، لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ”

“Say, He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”

Belief in the presence of angels

The belief in Allah’s angels is the second pillar. They are not his offspring, contrary to popular belief. They were made of light and existed before mankind for the sole purpose of worshipping Allah.

Angels don’t need to sleep, eat, or become sick. It is essential to believe in angels because they keep track of our actions. Angles also have additional responsibilities, such as sounding the trumpet on judgement day, taking people’s souls (i.e. angel of death), and guarding heaven and hell.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ آمِنُواْ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِيَ أَنزَلَ مِن قَبْلُ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلالاً بَعِيدًا

“”O you who believe, believe in Allah, His Messenger, and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger, as well as the Scripture that He sent down before.” Whoever does not believe in Allah, His angels, His writings, His prophets, or the Last Day has gone astray.”

Belief in Allah’s holy books

The belief in Allah’s writings, which were conveyed to the nations by the messengers, is the third pillar. Allah sent his messengers books as a means of guidance and evidence for humans. The Quran, which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad, is one of these books.

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ”

“Indeed, We are the ones who sent down the Qur’an, and We are the ones who will preserve it.”

Acceptance in Allah’s messengers, especially Muhammad, and that he is the last of them.

The fourth pillar of Islam is to believe in all of Allah’s prophets and messengers, with the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, being the last of them.

Except for Prophet Muhammad, who was sent to guide all of mankind, most of Allah’s prophets were assigned to a single nation. When invoking the names of any of the Prophets, Muslims must send salaams (Peace and Blessings of Allah).

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولاً أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُواْ الطَّاغُوتَ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلالَةُ فَسِيرُواْ فِي الأَرْضِ فَانظُرُواْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ”

“”Worship Allah and shun Taught,” We undoubtedly sent a messenger into every country. And among them were some who were led by Allah, as well as others who were destined to make mistakes. So around the globe and see how the naysayers met their demise.

Day of Judgment

Allah did not create the world in vain. He made mankind and jinn to worship him, promising paradise to those who obeyed him and his messengers and hellfire to those who disobeyed him and his messengers.

Allah has established a time limit for the entire cosmos, which will come to an end at the last hour. Humans will be interrogated about their actions in this world during the final hour. Those actions will be weighed in their favor.

Those whose good actions outnumber their bad will prosper, while those whose bad deeds outnumber their good will be doomed to hellfire — unless they died in the Islamic state. Allah would then pardon or punish him, and he would finally reach heaven.

Belief in the Qadhaa’ & Qadr (Doom & Divine Decree)

Doom (Qadhaa’) is Allah’s general decree that every human being will die, but a divine decree (Qadr) is Allah’s specific decree, or the execution of Qadhaa’, that a specific individual would die at a certain time and location.

As a result, believing in this pillar implies that Allah created everything and predetermined its correct proportions.


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