Tajweed rules in English for children

Tajweed rules in English for children

Tajweed is a phrase that individuals who have studied to recite the Quran are familiar with. The word’s literal meaning is ‘to perfect, beautiful, or improve.’ It is a series of principles in Islam designed to assist readers in reciting the Quran in the same way that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) learnt from Jibrael. 

Tajweed rules in English for children

Tajweed is a language that can be learned.

It is best to learn Tajweed from someone who has mastered it, since they will be able to lead the pupil through each regulation. When reciting, it is difficult to hear one’s own blunders, thus reciting to an instructor is quite beneficial. You may still practise by recording the segment you’re reciting and listening to it alongside a skilled Quran reciter (such as Mishary Alafasy or Mohammed Ayoub). Even if you aren’t reciting, listening to skilled reciters may help you learn accurate letter pronunciation and Tajweed principles. Students can take lessons in a local mosque or enrol in an online school, which allows students to learn at their own speed using recorded videos. Many lessons on the Tajweed regulations may also be found on YouTube. It’s crucial to listen to the exact pronunciation!

Tajweed Rules

Noon Sakinah and Tanween

The vowels and letters that make up the ‘nnn’ sound are covered by this Tajweed rule. For instance, noon sakinah and tanween letters (a vowel that adds the noon sound to the applied letter). 

Izhaar (to make clear)

If these letters [ء ه ع ح غ خ] are used after a noon sakinah or a tanween, the noon is pronounced without the ghunnah.

مِّنْهُمْ = minhum

Idghaam (to merge)

Idghaam is divided into two types: one with ghunnah and one without.

If these letters [ي ن م و] are followed after a noon sakinah or tanween, skip the ghunnah from the noon and apply the ghunnah with the subsequent letter instead. 

وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا = Wa nafsiuuu wamaa

If these letters [ل ر ] are pronounced after a noon sakinah or tanween, skip noon and speak the following letter without ghunnah.

مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ = meer rabihim

Iqlaab (to convert)

If there is a [ب] following a noon sakinah or tanween, transform the ghunnah into a [م] by saying the meem first, but then pronouncing the [ب]. 

مِن بَعْدِ = meemmmba’adi

Ikhfaa (to hide)

Ikhfaa refers to the remaining letters that haven’t been stated. The midday sakinah or tanween should be hidden, but ghunnah should be applied. The degree of ghunnah is determined by the letter that comes after it. Adjust your lips and mouth as though you’re ready to say the letter sakinah or tanween after noon. 

أَنتُمْ = Anntum

Noon and Meem Mushaddad

This is a straightforward Tajweed rule that applies to only two letters.

Pronounce a 2 beat ghunnah if a noon or a meem has shaddah. When pausing on a letter, this is still the case. Make sure not to expand the letter’s sound, but simply the ghunnah.

Sakinah Meem

The sub-rulings of this Tajweed rule are the same as those of noon sakinah and tanween, however there aren’t as many particular letter applications.

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